The republic of Cuba is an archipelago formed by the island of Cuba, covering some 104,945 sq km, the Isla de la Juventud with 2 ,00 sq km and more than 4,200 cayos and small islands totaling 3,715 sq km.
Its total area is 110,860 sq km, at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico in the Caribbean sea. Its neighbours : the Florida (USA) Peninsula, 180 km north; Jamaica, 140 km south; Haití, 77 km east and the Yucatan (México), Peninsula 210 km west.
POPULATION 11 251 000
The population growth rate is 1,2 per 100 inhabitants and a density of 99 inhabitants per sq km. Since the early 90's, the number of elders has increased. Cubans aged more than 65 now represent 12% of the population. Ethnic groups : Mulatos (mestizos or mixed) 51 %, Caucasian 37 %, Afro-Cubans 11 %, Chinese 1 %.
La Habana, pop. 2 190 300
Santiago de Cuba 411 100, Camagüey 304 500, Holguín 263 300, Guantánamo 222 300, Santa Clara 216 000, Cienfuegos 153 300, Bayamo 152 000, Pinar del Río 146 100, Las Tunas 141 300, Matanzas 128 600, Ciego de Avila 113 600, Manzanillo 109 300 and Sancti Spiritus 105 700.
Cuba lists poblados, small towns of 200 to 2 000 inhabitants (moradores) : the province of La Habana has some 150 poblados ;
some 300 pueblos, with populations varying from 2 000 to 20 000 people of which 30 are located in the province of La Habana ;
and 50 ciudades (cities), 14 of which count more than 100,000 citizens.
Official language Español
Peso cubano (approx. 27 pesos for $1US). Since November 2004, the peso convertible (cuc) is the official currency, replacing the US dollar for goods and services purchased by visitors.
Socialist republic (Constitution : 1976).
National Assembly of the People, "del Poder Popular " : 589 elected members with five-year mandates, each representing a district. Voting rights begin at the age of 16. The 14 provinces each have an assembly whose members are elected by public suffrage, as are the 169 members of municipal assemblies. President of the National Assembly
Ricardo Alarcón Quesada
Chief of State Raúl Castro Ruz
First Vice-president José R. Ramón Machado Ventura
Vice-presidents of the State Council
• Juan Almeida Bosque « Presidente de la Asociación de Combatientes de la Revolución Cubana »
• Abelardo Colomé Ibarra « Ministro del Interior »
• Carlos Lage Dávila « Secretario del Comité Ejecutivo del Consejo de Ministros y vicepresidente del Consejo de Estado »
• Juan Esteban Lazo Hernández « Miembro del Buró Político y del Secretariado del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba & Viceministro primero de las FAR »Juan Almeida Bosque »
Pinar del Río, Artemisa, Mayabeque, Ciudad de La Habana, Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Villa Clara, Sancti Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila, Camagüey, Las Tunas, Holguín, Granma, Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo, as well as the "Municipio Especial " de la Isla de la Juventud.
Tourism, cigars, coffee, citrus fruits, rum, fishing, níckel, chrome, manganese, biotechnology and pharmaceutical research.
Gross national product : 7.1 billion dollars
GNP per capita : 650 dollars
Catholic, protestant and animist-afrocuban (Santería, Palo Monte and Abakuá).
Insular sub-tropical. The hottest month is July, average temperature of 28°C ; coldest is January at 21°C. Average yearly temperature is 25.5°C. Relative humidity is 78%. The rainy season extends from May to October.
Sierra Maestra, Macizo Sagua Baracoa, Sierra de Escambray and the Cordillera de Guaniguanico. Pico Turquino, in the Sierra Maestra, at 1974 meters, is the highest peak in Cuba.
Longest is the Cauto : 370 km. The largest is the Toa.
BEACHES 289. Kilometers of coast : 5,746
Unique in Latin America latine,the health network the whole of the territory and is government run and free for all : exams, care, operations, medication.
Cuba the smallest death rate for children in Latin America and one of the lowest in the world : 6,3 per one thousand births. Life expectancy is 77 years.
There are some 42,634 practicing doctors, a rate of one for 165 ; 7,515 stomatologists (1 for 524), 120,000 nurses, technicians and medical assistants ; 15,142 family doctors cover 87,6% of the population. Cuba has 80,781 beds in its hospital and medical centers.
Medical personnel work in 436 polyclinics, 284 hospitals, 166 stomatology clinics, 227 maternity wards and 197 homes for the elderly.
Source : one.cu
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